Nicolas Sarkozy served as the President of the French Republic from 2007 to 2012, a position that culminated from years spent dedicating his life to a highly esteemed and richly diverse political career in France.
Prior to his presidency, Sarkozy occupied various ministerial posts including Minister of State, Minister of the Interior, Minister of the Economy, and Minister of Budget. From November 2014 to September 2016, Sarkozy served as President of the French political party Les Républicains (formerly known as Union for a Popular Movement), a position he previously occupied from 2004 to 2007. Sarkozy retired from politics in November 2016 following the center-right presidential primary election.
Earlier in his career, Sarkozy held a wide variety of political positions, including President of the General Council of Hauts-de-Seine and Mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine.
Sarkozy is the recipient of numerous honours and accolades, including the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit, Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Charles III (Spain), Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom), Knight of the Golden Fleece (Spain), Tolerance Award from the Simon Wiesenthal Center (2003), Humanitarian Award from the Elie Wiesel Foundation (2008) and World Statesman Award from the Appeal of Conscience Foundation (2008).
A prolific writer, Sarkozy is the author of several books including Free (2001); The Republic, Religions, Hope (2004); Testimony (2006); Together (2007); La France Pour La Vie (2016); Tout Pour La France (2016) and his most recent Passions (2019).
After completing his undergraduate education in political science at the Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris, Sarkozy completed his master’s degree in private law (1978) and his certificate to practice law (1981).
Born in Paris on January 28, 1955, Sarkozy is married and has four children. Prior to his political career, he worked as a lawyer and was a member of the Paris Bar Association.